Sump pumps are used to remove ground water away from your home. When your sump pump is working properly, it will keep your foundation and basement dry. However, a faulty sump pump can lead to water damage, mold, and mildew. In fact, sump pump failure is the most frequent cause of basement back-ups. With spring rains in the forecast, you need to take time to test your sump pump today.
1. Check the exit pipe – The exit pipe, or outlet pipe, drains the water from the pump. Remove any dirt or debris inside the pipe and replace the pipe if it is damaged.
2. Check the cords – Trace the two electrical cords from the sump pump to the electrical outlet. The pump cord plugs into the back of the float cord plug. Pull the plugs from the outlet and separate the plugs. Next, plug only the pump cord back into the outlet. If the pump doesn’t turn on immediately, your pump needs to be repaired or replaced. If the pump works, plug both cords back in the outlet, float plug first with the pump cord plugged into the back of the float.
3. Check the sump crock and float – Remove the lid from the sump crock and check for any debris or clogs. Clean out the crock. Then, slowly pour 2-3 gallons of water into the crock. If your sump pump has a float, you only need enough water to raise the float until the sump pump kicks on. It should turn on once the float is raised or the crock is filled with water. Wait until the sump begins to pump the water from the crock and check that the pump turns itself off. Finally, pour another 2-3 gallons of water in to make sure the pump turns back on. If it fails any of these steps, replace your sump pump.